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American Hornbeam (Blue Beech)
American Hornbeam also known as Blue Beech and Musclewood, Carpinus caroliniana, is an attractive and latently deciduous, medium size tree growing into a 20 to 30 foot tree at maturity with an equal spread. The foliage turns to yellows and reds in the fall and occasionally the leaves hang on to the tree after turning brown into the winter.
The nutlets are used by wildlife and it is a great nesting tree for songbirds. American Hornbeam prefer moist to average conditions and is well suited as an understory tree for shaded locations as well as sunny. This is a smaller scale of tree that should be used more in urban landscapes.